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利用甘蔗糖蜜制备优质酿造型焦糖色素

分类:
食品行业
2019/04/22 14:56
浏览量

JIAOTANGSESUJIANCHENGJIAOTANG,SHISHIPINGONGYEZHONGYINGYONGFANWEIZUIGUANGDEZHESEJI,ZAINIANGZAO、RUANYINLIAO、TANGGUODENGXINGYEZHONGSHIYONGLIANGJUDA。JIAOTANGANSHENGCHANGONGYIKEFENWEI[1]:PUTONGJIAOTANG、JIANXINGYALIUSUANYANJIAOTANG、AN(AN)FAJIAOTANGHEYALIUSUANFAJIAOTANG。QIZHONG,AN(AN)FAJIAOTANGSHIHEZAIJIANGYOUDENGNIANGZAOXINGYEZHONGSHIYONG,GUYOUCHENGNIANGZAOXINGJIAOTANG。GANZHEFEITANGMISHIZHITANGGONGYEDEFEILIAO,YIBANYONGYUJIUJINGFAJIAO。YINQIZHONGYUEHAN50%DEZONGTANG,GUKEYONGTANGMIDAITIZHETANG、ZHUANHUATANGJIANGDENGGAOJIAYUANLIAOLAISHENGCHANJIAOTANG。DANJIAOTANGSHENGCHANSHIYIZHONGHEBIANFANYING,QIGUOCHENGJUYOUFUZAXINGHENANYUCEXING,TANGMIJIAOTANGCHENGPINWANGWANGHONGSEZHISHUDI,RANSEXINGCHA,YONGYUJIANGYOUZHONGZECHUXIANCHENDIANDUO、SHAOCAIFAWUDENGXIANXIANG,YINCI,YOUBIYAODUIYITANGMIWEIYUANLIAOSHENGCHANJIAOTANGSESUDEGONGYI、JISHUGUANJIANJINXINGYANJIU,WEIDICHENGBENJIAOTANGSESUDESHENGCHANHEYINGYONGTIGONGKEXUEYIJU。

关键词:糖蜜;焦糖色素;红色指数;色率;耐盐性;染色性

1 材料与方法

1.1 材料

FEIGANZHETANGMI;LIUSUAN、QINGYANGHUANA、NIAOSU、LIUSUANAN:JUNWEIFENXICHUN。ANSHUI、SHIYAN、XIAOPAOJI,SHIPINJI。

1.2 仪器

721XINGKEJIANFENGUANGGUANGDUJI:SHANGHAIGUANGPUYIQIGONGSI;PHS-2SUANDUJI:SHANGHAIJINGXIFENXIYIQIYOUXIANGONGSI;TDL-5DISUDARONGLIANGLIXINJI:SHANGHAIJINGMIYIQIYIBIAOGONGSI。

1.3 成品检测方法

JIAOTANGSESUSELVCEDING:ANGB8817。JIAOTANGSESUHONGSEZHISHUCEDING:FENBIECEDING0.1%DEJIAOTANGSESUXISHIYEZAI510 nmHE610 nmCHUDEXIGUANGZHI,HONGSEZHISHU=10×lg(A510/A610)。NAIYANXINGSHIYAN:QU1.0 gJIAOTANGSESUJIARU20%(JINGGUOLV)DESHIYANSHUIRONGYEZHONG,CHONGFENJIAOBAN,JIAREZHIFEI,JING24 hHOUGUANCHA,RUOBUCHUXIANHUNZHUOHUOCHENDIAN,BIAOSHIGAIJIAOTANGSESUNAIYANXINGHAO;FANZHI,ZEBIAOSHINAIYANXINGCHA。

RANZHEXINGSHIYAN[5]:QU1.0 gJIAOTANGSESUYUSHAOBEIZHONGJIASHUIXISHI,ZAIJIARU2.0 cm3DEBAIDOUFUWUKUAI,ZHUFEI3 min。DOUFUQUCHULISHUIHOUZHIYUBAITUOPANZHONG,GUANCHAQIYANSEBIANHUA。RUODOUFUSHANGSEKUAI,SEZEWENDINGXINGHAO,BIAOSHIGAIJIAOTANGSESURANZHEXINGHAO;RUOSHANGSEMAN,SEZEBUWENDING,BIAOMIANFAWU,ZEBIAOMINGRANZHEXINGCHA。

2 结果与分析

2.1 糖蜜预处理

GANZHETANGMIZHONGHANYOUDALIANGJIAOTIHEHUIFEN。JIAOTIDECUNZAI,HUIZAIJIAREAOZHUSHICHANSHENGSHUZHIHUACHANWU,YINGXIANGJIAOTANGSESUDERONGJIEXINGHENAIYANXING;HUIFENDECUNZAI,HUIZENGJIAJIAOTANGRONGYEDECHENDIAN。YINCI,BIXUDUIYUANLIAOTANGMIJINXINGYUCHULI,TONGGUOLIXINHUOGUOLVJIAYICHENGQING。TANGMIFEICHANGNIANCHOU,XUYAOSHIDANGXISHICAINENGSHIZAZHIYIYUCHENJIANG。DANBUNENGGUOXI,FOUZEHUIZENGJIAJIAOTANGHUAGONGXUDENENGHAO,BINGHUISHICHENGPINJIAOTANGDENAIYANXINGJIANGDI。TANGMIZHONGZHETANGHANLIANGZHANZONGTANGDE50%YISHANG,BIXUSUANJIEYISHENGCHENGHAIYUANXINGTANG,TIGONGJIAOTANGHUAFANYINGSUOXUDETONGJIHUOQUANJI。QUYUANLIAOTANGMIJIASHUIFENBIEXISHIZHI40.0°Be’、36.0°Be’、32.0°Be’、28.0°Be’、24.0°Be’,YONGLIUSUANDIAOpHZHIWEI2.5。90℃HENGWENSHUIYU4 hHOU,LIXIN20 min,2 500 r/min,CEDINGJIAOTICHENDIANLIANG。JIEGUOJIANBIAO1。

 

CONGBIAO1KEYIKANCHU,TANGMIRONGYEXISHIDUZENGDA,YOULIYUJIAOTIHEHUIFENCHENDIAN。ZONGHEKAOLVCHENDIANLIANGHEHOUXUDEJIAOTANGHUAGONGYI,XUANDING32.0°Be’WEIYUANLIAOTANGMIDEZUIJIAXISHIDU。

2.2 焦糖化反应

2.2.1 加入催化剂的方式

YONGQINGYANGHUANAJIANGTANGMIDEpHZHIDIAOZHI7.5,FENBIEYIANSHUIHELIUSUANANWEICUIHUAJI,TIANJIALIANG4%,110℃FANYING,XUANYONGXIALIESANZHONGTIANJIACUIHUAJIDEFANGSHIJINXINGDUIBISHIYAN:①JIAREQIANTIANJIA:JIAREQIANJIARUCUIHUAJI,JINGZHI1 h,RANHOUSHENGWENFANYING;②FENDUANTIANJIA:JIAREQIANJIARU50%CUIHUAJI,HUANMANSHENGWENZHI100℃HOUJIARUSHENGYUDE50%CUIHUAJI,BAOCHI15 min,ZAISHENGWENZHIYUDINGWENDU;③JIAREHOUTIANJIA:JIARESHENGWENZHIYUDINGFANYINGWENDUHOUJIARUCUIHUAJI。JIEGUOJIANBIAO2。

 

BIAO2BIAOMING,ZAIJIAREQIANTIANJIAGUTIHUOYETICUIHUAJI,ZHIBEIDEJIAOTANGSESUJUNJUYOUJIAOGAODEHONGSEZHISHU。YONGLIUSUANANZUOCUIHUAJISHI,SANZHONGFANGSHIHONGSEZHISHUXIANGCHABUDA。ERYONGHOULIANGZHONGFANGSHITIANJIAANSHUIZUOCUIHUAJISHI,HONGSEZHISHUDAFUXIAJIANG,ZHEIKENENGYOUYUGAOWENXIAANSHUIHUIFA,SHISHIJIYONGLIANGJIANSHAOZHIGU。

2.2.2 反应时间的确定

YUANLIAOTANGMIZAIGAOWENXIAFASHENGMEILADEFANYINGHEJIAOTANGHUAFANYINGSHENGCHENGJIAOTANGSESU,XINGCHENGGUOCHENGYUCHANWUZUCHENGXIANGDANGFUZA,WUFAZHUNQUEDEZHI。QIZHONGFANYINGSHIJIANSHIYINGXIANGJIAOTANGZHILIANGDEZHONGYAOYINSU。FANYINGSHIJIANDUAN,SELVBUZU;FANYINGSHIJIANZHANG,YIYINQIJIAOTANGSHUZHIHUA,ZAOCHENGHONGSEZHISHUDI、NAIYANXINGCHA。YIANSHUIWEICUIHUAJI,CONGHENGWENHOUMEIGE0.5 hQUYANGCEDINGSELVYUHONGSEZHISHU,JIANTU1。

 

CONGTU1KEYIKANCHU,ZAIKAISHIFANYINGJIEDUAN,TANGMIZHONGHAIYUANTANGYUCUIHUAJIFASHENGTANGANSUOHE,CISHIFANYINGTIXIDEHONGSEZHISHUYUSELVJUNCHENGSHANGSHENGQUSHI。150 minSHI,HONGSEZHISHUDADAOZUIGAOZHI,ZHIHOUJIJUXIAJIANG。ERSELVWENBUTIGAO。ZHEIKENENGSHIFANYINGZHONGJIANCHANWUFASHENGFENZIZHONGPAI,SHENGCHENGZAI610 nmCHUXIGUANGDUHENGAODEWUZHI。TU1BIAOMINGBUKENENGCUNZAIMOUYIGONGYISHIJIAOTANGSESUDESELVYUHONGSEZHISHUTONGSHIDOUDADAOZUIJIA。MUQIANNIANGZAOYEDUIJIAOTANGSESUDEYAOQIUSHIZAIJIAOGAOSELVDEJICHUSHANGZHUIQIUGAOHONGSEZHISHU,SUOYIXUANDINGFANYINGSHIJIANWEI150 min。

2.2.3 主要工艺参数的确定

JIAOTANGHUAFANYINGJILISHIFENFUZA,ZHIJINWEIYOUQUEZAODINGLUN。YINGXIANGCHENGPINJIAOTANGSESUDEYINSUHENDUO,JINGGUODUOCIDANYINSUSHIYANHOU,ANPAIZHENGJIAOSHIYAN,YIQIHUODEZUIJIASHENGCHANGONGYICANSHU。QUYUCHULIHOUDETANGMI,YONGQINGYANGHUANADIAOJIEpHZHI,JIARUCUIHUAJIHEXIAOPAOJI,JIARESHENGWENZHIYUDINGWENDU,BAOCHIHENGDING,SHENGCHENGJIAOTANGSESU。SUIJIJIANGWEN,CEDINGJIAOTANGSESUDESELVHEHONGSEZHISHU,JIEGUOJIANBIAO3。

 

BIAO3 BIAOMING: YINGXIANGJIAOTANGSESUHONGSEZHISHUDEYINSUPAIXUWEIB>C>A>D,YINGXIANGJIAOTANGSESUSELVDEYINSUPAIXUWEID>A>C>B。ERZHEDEYINGXIANGYINSUSHUNXUXIANGFAN,ZHEIHEERZHEZAISHUXUEGONGSHISHANGJIUTIXIANCHUDEFUXIANGGUANXINGYIZHI。MUQIANSHIPINJIAGONGYEGENGPIANAIHONGSEZHISHUGAODEJIAOTANGSESU,GUXUANDINGJIAOTANGSHENGCHANGONGYIWEIA3B1C2D1,JIJINYANGTANGMIpHZHI8.0,ANSHUIWEICUIHUAJI,TIANJIALIANG4%,FANYINGWENDU105℃。ANZHAOZHENGJIAOSHIYANJIEGUO,CAIYONGGAIZUIJIAGONGYICANSHUJINXINGYANZHENGSHIYAN,JIEGUOJIANBIAO4

 

BIAO4BIAOMING,ZHENGJIAOSHIYANJIEGUOKEXIN,NENGSHENGCHANTONGSHIJUYOUJIAOGAOSELVYUHONGSEZHISHUDEJIAOTANGSESU。

2.3 成品质量检验

2.3.1 耐盐性试验与染着性试验。

 

TONGGUODUIBISHIYAN,KEZHIBENSHIYANZHIBEIDEJIAOTANGSESUSHANGPINXINGZHILIANGHAO,YUYIPUTAOTANGMUYE、DIANFENTANGJIANGWEIYUANLIAOSHENGCHANDEJIAOTANGSESUXIANGJIN,SHIHEYUJIANGYOUSHENGCHAN。

2.3.2 理化指标

 

3 结论与讨论

3.1 LIYONGGANZHEFEITANGMISHENGCHANYOUZHIJIAOTANGSESUSHIZONGHELIYONGZIYUAN、JIANGDICHENGBENDEYOUXIAOTUJING。BAOZHENGJIAOTANGSESUNAIYANXINGDEGUANJIANJISHUZAIYUKONGZHIYUANLIAODEPINZHI:TANGMIBIXUJINGXISHI、SUANJIE、CHENDIANCHUZA;SHIYONGDEANSHUIYEXUDADAOSHIPINJI。CIWAIXUYANGEKONGZHIJIAOTANGHUAFANYINGDEGONGYICANSHU。BUSHIDANGDEFANYINGWENDUHUOFANYINGSHIJIAN,JUNHUISHINAIYANXINGJIANGDI。

3.2 JIAOTANGSESUDEHONGSEZHISHUYUSELVZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGCHENGFUXIANGGUANGUANXI,ERZHEZHIYOUZAIMOUYISHIJIANQUYUNEIKETONGSHIDADAOJIAOGAOSHUIPING。TIGAOHONGSEZHISHUDEGONGYICANSHUWEI:JINYANGpH8.0,TIANJIA4%ANSHUI,FANGZHI1 hHOUSHENGWENZHI105℃,FANYING150min。