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糖蜜酒精废液所含色素及其提取研究现状

分类:
食品行业
2019/04/22 14:35
浏览量

TANGMIJIUJINGFEIYESHIYIZHONGTIANRANSESU,SHIGANZHESHENGZHANGHEZHITANGJIAGONGGUOCHENGZHONGZHUBUCHANSHENGDEYIZHONGHUNHESESU,CONGTANGMIJIUJINGFEIYEZHONGTIQUSESUKEYICHUANGZAOKEGUANDEJINGJIXIAOYIHEJIEJUEWURANHUANJINGDEWENTI,YICHENGWEIRENMENYANJIUDEREDIAN。TONGSHI,MUQIANWOGUOHUAXUEHECHENGSESUDEXIAOHAOLIANGRENGYUANYUANCHAOGUOTIANRANSESU,LIYONGGUANGFANDEZIYUANSHENGCHANTIANRANSESUSHIWOGUOSHIPINXINGYEDEYILEIZHONGYAOKETI.

TANGMIJIUJINGYESHIGANZHEHUOTIANCAITANGCHANGZAIJINGZHITANGCHANPINGUOCHENGZHONGSUODEDEFUCHANWUTANGMI, JINGGUOFAJIAOSHENGCHANJIUJINGHOUSUOPAIFANGDEFEILAOYE, TASHIYIZHONGGAONONGDUDEYOUJIFEISHUI, QIZHONGHANYOUDESESUCHENGFEN, SHIWURANCHANSHENGDEYIGEZHONGYAOZHIBIAO, SHIZAOCHENGFEIYEZHONGCOD、BOD HANLIANGGAODEZHUYAOYUANYIN 。ZHEIXIESESUDADUONANYIBEIWEISHENGWUSUOJIANGJIE, NAIWEN、NAIGUANGZHAO, FANGZHISHIJIANYANZHANGQISEZHIYIBUJIAN, YINCI, JIEJUESESUWENTIDUIFEIYEZHILIZHIGUANZHONGYAO, TONGSHIYOUKEYIHUISHOUYOUYONGZIYUAN, CHUANGZAOZHITANGXINGYEDEJINGJIFUJIAZHI。

1. 1 糖蜜酒精废液组成及特点

(1) GURONGWUHANLIANGGAO, GURONGWUHANLIANGWEI10-17BX, GURONGWUZHONG70%YISHANGWEIYOUJIZHI, HUIFENZHAN18-28% ;

(2) HUAXUEXUYANGLIANG( CODcr) HESHENGHUAXUYANGLIANG( BOD) GAO, CODcr HANLIANG80000-170000mg/L, BOD HANLIANG40000-70000mg/L, SHUGAONONGDUYOUJIFEISHUI;

(3) HANDALIANGYOUJIZHI、DANBAIZHI、WEISHENGSU、N、P、K DENG, KEHUISHOULIYONG;

(4) 酸性强, pH 值3.5~-5, 含SO2-4 ,C1-1及有机酸等, 腐蚀性强;

(5) FEIYESESUWEIZONGSESU, ZHUYAOCHENGFENWEIJIAOTANGSESU、FENLEISESU、DUOTANGFENJIECHANWUHEANJISUANFENJIECHANWU, ZAIpH4-11 NEIYANSEBUHUIBIANQIAN。SEDUJIAOGAO, NANYIYONGWULIHUAXUEHESHENGWUHUAXUEFANGFAQUCHU, QIENAIWEN, NAIGUANGZHAO, FANGZHISHIJIANYANZHANGQISEZEBUJIAN;

(6) TANGMIJIUJINGFEIYEHUIFENZUCHENG( GANJI) JIANBIAO1

 

1. 2 糖蜜酒精废液的危害

MEISHENGCHAN1 DUNJIUJINGCHANPINJIANGPAICHU12 DUNFEIYE, QIZHONGSUOHANDEYOUJIWUZHIZONGLIANGYEJIEJIN1 DUN。YIJIANRICHANLIANG20 DUNJIUJINGDEPUTONGSHENGCHANCHEJIANSUOPAICHUDEGAIFEIYEKEDA300t·d, QIWURANCHENGDUJIC0DZONGLIANGXIANGDANGYUYIGEZHONGDENGCHENGSHIMEITIANSHENGHUOWUSHUIDEWURANWUDEZONGLIANG。TANGMIJIUJINGFEIYEJIFUYUYINGYANGHUA, YANSESHEN, CHUHANYOUDALIANGGUTIXUANFUWUWAI, HAIHANYOUJIAOGAONONGDUDETANGLEI、GUOJIAOHEDANBAIZHIDENGRONGJIEXINGYOUJIWURANWU, RUGUOPAIRUSHUIZHONG, HUISHIZAOLEIDALIANGFANZHI, YIZHILEYU、XIA、BEILEIDENGSHENGZHANGFANZHI, SHENZHIDALIANGSIWANG, YEHUIDALIANGXIAOHAOSHUITIDERONGJIEYANG, SHISHUITIFUBAIFACHOU, CONGERSHISHUIZHIEHUA; YOUYUQISUANZHIGAO, HAIHANYOULIUSUANGENHELVGEN, HUISHAOSIZHUANGJIA、BANJIETUDI。YINCI, TANGMIJIUJINGFEIYESHITANGCHANGDESUOYOUFEIQIWUZHONGWEIHAIZUIDADEWURANYUAN, YESHICHANTANGDIQUSHUIZHIEHUADEZUIZHUYAOYUANYINZHIYI。TANGMIJIUJINGFEIYESHIYIZHONGFUSHIXINGJIQIANGDEFEISHUI, JUYOUHENQIANGDESHENTOUXING。RUGUOCUNCHUCHITANGSHIJIANGUOZHANG, HUISHENRUDIXIASHUI, WURANDIXIASHUIYUAN, ZHISHIDIXIASHUIBUNENGLIYONG, YOUQISHIZAIQUEFADANSHUIDEDIQU, HUIZAOCHENGYANZHONGDEHOUGUO。

1. 3 糖蜜酒精废液的综合利用现状

WOGUOYOUGANZHETANGCHANG300-400 JIA, DADUOTANGCHANGDOUYOUJIUJINGCHEJIAN, SUIRANQIKAIGONGQIJIAODUANDANSHIZHIJIEPAIFANGZAOCHENGYANZHONGWURAN, SUIZHENONGYEDEDUOZHONGJINGYINGHESHUICHANYANGZHIYEXUNSUFAZHANYINWURANJIUFENYINGXIANGTANGCHANGZHENGCHANGSHENGCHAN, TANGMIJIUJINGFEIYEZHILIJISHUYIZHISHIRENMENYANJIUDEZHONGDAKEYANKETI。HENJIUYIQIANRENMENJIUZHIDAOCUZHETANGHEHEITANGSHIYIZHONGYOUYIJIANKANGDELIANGHAOSHIPIN, JUYOUMEIHUAJIFUDEXIAOGUO, YINCIYOURENSHENQINGLEGUANYUTIQUCUTANGZHONGDETANGSESUZUOWEIYONGZUOHUAZHUANGPINDEPEILIAODEZHUANLI。LINGWAI, YOUBAODAOSHUOHEISHATANGZHONGDEHEISEWUZHIJUYOUZUAIPUTAOTANGXISHOUDEZUOYONG。TIQUTANGMIJIUJINGFEIYEDESESUKEYONGYUYILIAOHEBAOJIANSHIPINDENGFANGMIAN。JINSHIJINIANLAIDUIFEIYEZONGHELIYONGDEYANJIUHESHIJIANYOULEHENDADEFAZHAN, QIKEYONGYUSHENGCHANJIAOMU、FUHEFEI、ZHIJIAYAN、ZUOYUSILIAO、YANYANGSHENGCHANZHAOQIDENG 。FEIYEZHONGDEDETIQUWUYONGYUSHIPINTIANJIAJISHIJINJINIANLAIZUIXINKAIFADEJISHU, GUONEIYOUGONGSIYANZHILELIYONGFEIYESHENGCHANSHIPINTIANJIAJI——JIAOTANGSESU, ERTIQUHOUDESHENGYUWU, CHANLVNISHENGCHANYOUJIFUHEFEI 。FEIYEZONGHELIYONGJINGUANYOUSHIYUNIANDESHIJIAN, DANHAIBUNENGDEDAOGUANGFANDEYINGYONGYUTUIGUANG, HAIXUBUDUANDISHIJIANYUTANSUO, BUDUANZONGJIEJINGYAN, BUDUANQUYUWANSHAN, BUDUANDIXIAOHUAGUOWAIJISHU, LITUYOUSUOCHUANGXIN, TEBIESHIDUITANGMIJIUJINGFEIYEZHONGSESUDEYANJIU。

2、糖蜜酒精废液中的色素

GANZHETANGMISESUSHIZAIGANZHESHENGZHANGHEZHITANGJIAGONGGUOCHENGZHONGZHUBUCHANSHENGLEIJIERCHENGDEDUOZHONGSESUHUNHEWU, HANYOUFENLEIHEANJIDANHUAHEWUDENGCHENGFEN。DUOFENLEIWUZHIZAIMEIZUOYONGXIAYANGHUACHENGHESESU、HAIYUANTANGJIANFENJIESUOHEJUHECHENGGAOFENZIZONGHEISESU、HAIYUANTANGYUANJISUANFANYINGSHENGCHENGHESEJUHEWU、TANGREFENJIECHENGSHENKAFEISEJIAOTANGSESU、FENLEIWUYUTIEFANYINGSHENGCHENGSHENSEDEHUAHEWU, GAIKUOWEIFENLEISESU、JIAOTANGSESU、MEILADESESUDENG3 ZHONG, TONGCHANGYIJIAOTANGSESUWEIZHU。MUQIAN, GUONEIWAIXUEZHEDUIJIUJINGFEIYESESUDEYANJIUZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIJIANGJIEHUOZHEFENLISHANG, YIJIANGDIDUIHUANJINGDEWURAN。JUBAODAOFENLEISESUHEMEILADECHANWUJUNJUYOULIANGHAODEKANGYANGHUAHUOXING, KEYIZUOWEIYIZHONGTIANRANKANGYANGHUAJIYINGYONGZAISHIPIN、HUAZHUANGPIN、BAOJIANPINDENGXINGYE, JUYOULIANGHAODEKAIFAJIAZHI。JIAOTANGSESUGENGSHIGUANGFANYINGYONGYURUANYINLIAOZHONG; YINGYUYONGJIULEIZHONG, ZUICHANGYONGDESHINEIXIENENGGOUZAI120~ 140 JIUDUYICHUNZHONGRENGRANWENDINGDEPINZHONG; YINGYONGYUJIANGYOU、CU、JIANGLIAODENGDIAOWEIPINZHONG; KEYONGLAIZENGJIABEIKAOSHIPINWAIGUANDEXIYINLI; YENENGGUANGFANDIYINGYONGYUQITASHIPINZHONG, RUGUANZHUANGROUHEDUNROU、CANYONGTANGJIANG、YIYAOZHIJI, YIJIZHIWUDANBAIWEIYUANLIAODEMONIROU。

3、糖蜜酒精废液色素的提取

TANGMIJIUJINGFEIYEZHONGDESESUNONGDUGAO、ZHONGLEIDUO、FENZILIANGFENSAN, JISESUHUISHOUJIJINGZHIZAOCHENGHENDADEKUNNAN, GUONEIWAIYOUHENDUOXUEZHEDUICIYIZUOLEDUOFANGMIANDEYANJIUYUTANSUO, TIQUFANGFAZHUYAOBAOKUOMOFENLIFA、XICHUFA、XIFUFA、XUNINGFAHENONGSUOSHENXIFADENG。

3. 1 膜分离色素

MOGUOLVSHIYIZHONGZUIJIANDANZUIYOUXIAODEYOUBUHUIYINRURENHEWAILAIZAZHIDEFENLIFANGFA[ 6] 。YONGCHAOLVMOCONGTANGMIJIUJINGFEIYETIQUSESU, BUFASHENGRENHEHUAXUEFANYING, BUTIANJIARENHEHUAXUECHENGFEN, BUCHANSHENGXINZENGDEGONGYIFEISHUI, ZHEIYANGBUJINTIGAOXIAOLV, ERQIEKEJIANSHAOHUANJINGWURANHEJIESHENGNENGYUANKAIZHI。GENJUSESUDEFENZILIANGXUANZEJUYOUGAOTUOSELV、GAOGUOLVSUDU、DIDETANGZULIULVDEMO,ZAIYIDINGYALIXIAFENLIFEIYE, KEJIHUISHOUFEIYEZHONGDESESU, DANZAIMOFENLIQIANXUYONGJIARECHENGQING、LIXINFENLIDENGFANGFAJINKENENGCHUQUFEIYEZHONGDEDANBAIZHI、JIAOTIHEXUANFUWEILI。Kishihara HEMatsimoto DENGFENBIECAIYONGBUTONGJIELIULIANGDEMODUITANGMIJIUJINGFEIYEZHONGDESESUJINXINGLEFENLISHIYAN, SESUJIELIULVDA56.3% YISHANG。WEILETIGAOMODEFENLIXIAOLV, KECAIYONGMEIJINXINGYUCHULI, LIRUJIARUCONGMIANBAOJIAOMUXIBAOBIZHONGTIQUDEZHUANHUAMEICHULI, YUMEIYOUMEICHULIDEQINGKUANGXIANGBI, GUOLVXINGNENGJISESUJIELIULV( DADAO90%) DOUTIGAO, TANGDEZULIULVXIAJIANG, ERLVYEDEFAJIAODENGXINGNENGBAOCHIBUBIAN。

3. 2 析出法提取色素

LIYONGYOUXIESESUZAIMOUXIERONGJIZHONGBURONGHUONANRONGDETEXING, ZAIRONGYEZHONGJIADAGAIRONGJIDENONGDUERSHISESUXICHU。RUYONGCHUNXIDENGFANGFAJIANGFEIYEZHONGDESESUJINXINGFENLI, DANJIUJINGYONGLIANGDA, CHANPINCHENGBENGAO, SHIJIYINGYONGZHONGNANDUJIAODA, QIZHONGYICHUNDEHUISHOUNENGLIANGFEIYONGYUEZHAN60%。LIYONGDENGDIANDIANSHISESUCHENDIANYESHIYIZHONGSESUHUISHOUFANGFA, ZAILEIHEIJINGRONGYEZHONGJIARENSUANHUISHIZHIJIANJIANBIANZHAN, DANGpH ZAI3.0-3.5 SHIHUISHILEIHEIJINGCHENDIANXICHU, GAICHENDIANZAIpH XIAOYU2.5 HUOJIANXINGRONGYEZHONGKEZHONGXINRONGJIE, LEISIYULIANGXINGDIANJIEZHI, DANRUGUOZAIDENGDIANDIANTIAOJIANXIADESHIJIANGUOZHANG, CHENDIANLEIHEIJINGJIANGSANGSHIQIKERONGXINGERXINGCHENGNINGJIAO。

3. 3 吸附法提取色素

XIFUSHIYIZHONGKUAIERCHEDIDESESUTIQUFANGFA, DANYOUYUTANGMISESULIANGDA, YINCIXUYAOYONGJIAODALIANGDEXIFUJI, ZAIYINGYONGZHONGJIUBIXUKAOLVXIFUJIXUNHUANSHIYONGDEWENTI。CHANGYONGDEXIFUJIZHUYAOYOUHUOXINGTANHEXIFUSHUZHI。TANGMIJIAOMUFAJIAOFEIYEJIAREN3.3%DEFENMOHUOXINGTANCHULI2XIAOSHI, SESUXIFULVDA90%YISHANG。DANYOUYUHUOXINGTANDEYONGLIANGDUO、CHENGBENGAO, ERSHIQIZAISHENGCHANZHONGYINGYONGZAOCHENGKUNNAN。DUIYUZHITANGFEIMI、JINGZHITANGFEIMIHUOJINGTANGXITANGMIDENGYONGSHUIXISHI, BINGTONGGUOLIXINFENLIHUOGUIZAOTUGUOLVCHULIDECHENGQINGYE, ZAIYONGFEIJIXINGHECHENGSHUZHIXIFUQIZHONGDEYOUSEWUZHI, XIFUHOUDESHUZHIXIANYONGSHUIXIQUTANGFENZAIYONGHANSHUIJIUJINGCONGXIFUJIZHONGJIANGSESUXITUO, GANZAODEHESEFENMOSESUCHANPIN。WEILEDEDAOGAOCHUNDUDETANGMISESU, KEYONG95% DEYICHUNHUOJIACHUNRONGJIEHOULVCHUBUCHUNWUJINXINGJINGZHIJIKE。

3. 4 离子交换纤维提取法

LIZIJIAOHUANXIANWEISHIZAILIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHICHANPINJICHUSHANGKAIFADEJUYOUYIDINGTEXINGDEGONGNENGXINCAILIAO。TAYUPUTONGLIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHIBUTONG, QINEIBUCHENGSIZHUANG, TONGYITIJIDESHUZHIXIANWEIYAOBIPUTONGKELISHUZHIBIAOMIANJIDA20 BEIZUOYOU, XIFUNENGLIQIANG, CHUSEXIAOGUOHAO。ZAIGUOLVTONGLIANG, GUOLVZHILIANG, ZAISHENGXIAOGUOFANGMIAN, LIZIJIAOHUANXIANWEIJUNYOUQIYOUSHIYIMIAN。LIZIJIAOHUANXIANWEISHIYIZHONGXIANWEIZHUANGLIZIJIAOHUANCAILIAO, QIBENSHENHANYOUGUDINGLIZIJIHEGUDINGLIZIFUXIANGFANDEHUODONGLIZI。DANGYUNENGJIELIHUAHEWUDERONGYEJIECHUSHI, LIZIJIAOHUANXIANWEIDEHUODONGLIZIJIYURONGZHONGXIANGTONGFUHAODELIZIJINXINGJIAOHUAN。KEYONGYUSHIPINTUOSE、WUZHIDEFENLITICHUNHEFUJI。ZHITANGGONGYEZHONGCHANSHENGDEJIANXINGFENJIEWUKEYONGRUOSUANJIANXINGLIZIJIAOHUANXIANWEITIQU, JIANGTANGJIANGZHONGDEYOUSEWUZHICHUQU。DANMUQIANSHIYONGLIZIJIAOHUANXIANWEICHULITANGMIJIUJINGFEIYEDEYANJIUJIAOSHAO。WANGLIJUNDEYANJIUBIAOMINGLIZIJIAOHUANXIANWEIDUITANGMIJIUJINGFEIYEDONGTAITUOSEDEZUIJIATIAOJIANWEI: TUOSETIXIWENDU60 e 、GAOJINGBI15、FEIYELIUSU3mL. min- 1。YINGXIANGTUOSEJIDONGTAITUOSEXIAOGUOYINSUDEZHUCISHUNXUWEI: FEIYELIUSU、GAOJINGBI、TUOSETIXIWENDU。DANYOUYUCIFADEYANJIUBUGOUCHONGFEN, SUOYIHAIXUYAOJINYIBUSHENRUYANJIU。

3. 5 其它提取方法

采用浓缩渗析法, 酒精废液采用敞开式直接火浓缩16-17 倍, 用滤布、超细纤维滤纸过滤后, 滤液于渗析器中渗析7 小时, 取出干燥至含水量( 质量分数) 5% 以下即得棕色素产品, 产品得率约为1. 2%。产品稀释为1%溶液时的色值为23.8。采用絮凝法, 对于酵母发酵废液和洗液混合经活性污泥处理后, 加入聚合硫酸铁调节pH 至4.5, 并加人质量分数为2 ×10-6的阴离子型高分子剂, 色素分离率达96%, 但这种方法所回收的色素含有絮凝剂杂质, 对其精制和应用不利。

4、结语

ZHITANGXINGYESHIWOGUONONGYESIDAZHIZHUXINGYEZHIYI, WOGUONANFANGWEIZHUYAODEZHETANGCHANQU。GANZHETANGCHANGZAIZHITANGGUOCHENGZHONG, HUICHANSHENGDALIANGDEFUCHANWUHEFEIQIWU, QIZHONGTANGMIJIUJINGFEIYESHIFAJIAOJIUJINGHOUPAICHUDESHENGYUYETI, SHINONGDUGAO、YANSESHEN、SUANDUDADEYOUJIFEISHUI, MEISHENGCHAN1 DUNDEJIUJING, BIANCHANSHENG12 DUNZUOYOUDEZHENGLIUFEIYE, RUODUICIFEIYEBUJIACHULIERZHIJIEPAIRUSHUITI, JIANGDUIHUANJINGZAOCHENGSHIFENYANZHONGDEWURAN, ERZHILIWURANDEJUDATOURUSHIQIYENANYICHENGSHOU, YINCI, JIEJUEFEIYEDEWURANJIHUISHOULIYONGSHIJIDAIJIEJUEDEKETI。TANGMIJIUJINGFEIYEZHONGSUOHANDESESUSHIYIZHONGNANJIANGJIEDEYOUJISESU, BAOKUOFENLEISESU、JIAOTANGSESUHEMEILADESESU, SHIYIZHONGTIANRANSESU。ZAIJIEJUEHUANJINGWURANDETONGSHI, CONGJIUJINGFEIYEZHONGFENLITIANRANSESU, BIANFEIWUZIYUANHUA, ZENGJIAJINGJIFUJIAZHI, SHIFEIYEZONGHEZHILIDEFAZHANQUSHI, YESHIWANSHANZHITANGGUOCHENG, FAZHANDITANJINGJIDEJIAOHAOTUJING。